Rabu, 20 April 2011

pengertian microteaching

Micro teaching adalah suatu tindakan atau kegiatan latihan belajar-mengajar dalam situasi laboratoris (Sardirman, Interaksi Motivasi Belajar Mengajar).

Ciri-ciri pokok Micro Teaching :
1. Jumlah subyek belajar sedikit sekitar 5-10 orang
2. Waktu mengajar terbatas sekitar 10 menit
3. Komponen mengajar yang dikembangkan terbatas
4. Sekadar real teaching

Maksud dan tujuan micro teaching
Maksud yaitu meningkatkan performance yang menyangkut keterampilan dalam mengajar atau latihan mengelola interaksi belajar mengajar.
Tujuan adalah membekali calon guru sebelum sungguh-sungguh terjun ke sekolah tempat latihan praktek kependidikan untuk praktek mengajar (Sardiman, Interaksi Motivasi Belajar Mengajar ).

Perbedaan micro teaching dan teaching

Micro teaching :
1. Dilaksanakan dalam kelas laboratorium
2. Sekadar real teaching
3. Siswa 5 s/d 10 orang
4. Waktu sekitar 10 menit
5. Bahan terbatas
6. Ketrampilan yang dilatihkan meliputi semua teaching skill dalam porsi yang terbatas dan terpisah-pisah.
7. Dibutuhkan alat-alat laboratori agar dapat diperoleh suatu feedback yang obyektif.

Teaching :
1. Dilaksanakan dalam real class room
2. Merupakan real class room teaching
3. Siswa 30 s/d 40 orang
4. Waktu sekitar 45 menit
5. Bahan luas
6. Ketrampilan yang di demonstrasikan semua teaching skill dan terintegrasi
7. TIdak dilengkapi dengan alat-alat laboratori.




Microteaching is a training technique whereby the teacher reviews a videotape of the lesson after each session, in order to conduct a "post-mortem". Teachers find out what has worked, which aspects have fallen short, and what needs to be done to enhance their teaching technique. Invented in the mid-1960s at Stanford University by Dr. Dwight Allen, micro-teaching has been used with success for several decades now, as a way to help teachers acquire new skills.
In the original process, a teacher was asked to prepare a short lesson (usually 20 minutes) for a small group of learners who may not have been her own students. This was videotaped, using VHS. After the lesson, the teacher, teaching colleagues, a master teacher and the students together viewed the videotape and commented on what they saw happening, referencing the teacher's learning objectives. Seeing the video and getting comments from colleagues and students provided teachers with an often intense "under the microscope" view of their teaching.
Micro lessons are great opportunities to present sample "snapshots" of what/how you teach and to get some feedback from colleagues about how it was received. It's a chance to try teaching strategies that the teacher may not use regularly. It's a good, safe time to experiment with something new and get feedback on technique.

Techniques

Since its inception in 1963, microteaching has become an established teacher-training procedure in many universities and school districts. This training procedure is geared towards simplification of the complexities of the regular teaching-learning process. Class size, time, task, and content is scaled down to provide optimal training environments. The supervisor demonstrates the skill to be practiced. This may be live demonstration, or a video presentation of the skill. Then, the group members select a topic and prepare a lesson of five to ten minutes. The teacher trainee then has the opportunity to practice and evaluate her use of the skills. Practice takes the form of a ten-minute micro-teaching session in which five to ten pupils are involved.

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